Two of the earliest single-origin coffees are Mocha from Yemen and Java from Indonesia. In fact, the early success of these two single-origins saw the emergence of the world’s first coffee blend - Mocha-Java. Traditionally, this is a coffee bean blend of one part Yemen Mocha and two parts Arabica Java coffee. In this traditional form, Mocha-Java is the world’s oldest coffee bean blend. This historic blend combined the full-bodied Java bean with the acidic Yemen Mocha, which produces a more balanced espresso experience.
Mocha (sometimes called Arabian Mocha), dates back hundreds of years to the 15th century. It was a name used by coffee traders who purchased coffee beans from the people of Yemen. Yemen was the only place in the world at the time with cultivated coffee beans, and Mocha was the name of the port on the Red sea from which the coffee beans were shipped. In ancient times, this port went by the name Al-Mukha.
Java is an island which is now located within the boarders of Indonesia. Back in the 17th Century, the Dutch establish the large Arabica coffee farms or estates in Java. Java at the time became the second great commercial coffee plantation region after Yemen giving its name to the second oldest single-origin.
Coffee makes connections: to ourselves; to each other; to the world; and even to the past. Here are five of the oldest, most prominent coffee houses across the world, where our favorite beverage has been served and enjoyed in much the same way for, in some cases, hundreds of years. What will folks discuss over coffee in another hundred years?
The word “coffee” entered the English language in 1582 via the Dutch koffie borrowed from the Turkish Kahve, in turn borrowed from the Arabic qahwah.While in 1645 the first coffeehouse opened in Italy. Coffeehouses soon sprang up all over the country and, as in many other lands, they became a platform for people from all walks of life, especially artists and students, to come together and chat. Europeans got their first taste of coffee in 1615 when Venetian merchants who had become acquainted with the drink in Istanbul carried it back with them to Venice.
When coffee arrived in Europe in the 16th century, clergymen pressed for it to be banned and labeled Satanic. But Pope Clement VIII took a taste, declared it delicious, and even quipped that it should be baptized. On the strength of this papal blessing, coffeehouses rapidly sprang up throughout Europe.
The banning of women from coffeehouses was not universal, for example, women frequented them in Germany, but it appears to have been commonplace elsewhere in Europe, including in England
Composer Johann Sebastian Bach, who was cantor of St. Thomas Church, Leipzig, in 1723–50, conducted a musical ensemble at Café Zimmermann in that Saxon city. Sometime in 1732–35 he composed the secular "Coffee Cantata" Schweigt stille, plaudert nicht, in which a young woman, Lieschen, pleads with her disapproving father to accept her devotion to drinking coffee, then a newfangled fashion.
The libretto includes such lines as:
Ei! wie schmeckt der Coffee süße, Lieblicher als tausend Küsse, Milder als Muskatenwein. Coffee, Coffee muss ich haben, Und wenn jemand mich will laben,
Ach, so schenkt mir Coffee ein!
(Oh! How sweet coffee does taste,
Better than a thousand kisses,
Milder than muscat wine.
Coffee, coffee, I've got to have it,
And if someone wants to perk me up, *
Oh, just give me a cup of coffee!)
A popular historical landmark of Viennese cultural history, this cafe served as an incubator for prominent intellectuals including Freud, Lenin, and Trotsky.
The oldest, and some say most elegant, cafe in Rome. Known for hosting Keats, Shelley, Lord Byron (he got around), Goethe, Wagner, Lizst and Mendelssohn, among others.
This small Greenwich Village coffee house was home to the first espresso machine in the United States, and remains proud of introducing America to the cappuccino.
The only coffee house at the time that allowed women, which is why it may have attracted such famous patrons as Lord Byron, Proust, and Dickens. Alongside Cafe le Procope, it is the oldest continuously operated coffee house in the world.
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